There are many different types of contraception available in Aotearoa New Zealand.
methods of contraception:
There are different methods of contraception, including:
- long-acting reversible contraception, such as the implant or intra uterine device (IUD)
- hormonal contraception, such the pill or the Depo Provera injection
- barrier methods, such as condoms
- emergency contraception
- fertility awareness
- permanent contraception, such as vasectomy and tubal ligation.
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is a contraceptive that lasts for a long time.
There are two types of LARC in Aotearoa New Zealand:
- the intra uterine device (IUD) that lasts for three, five or ten years
- the implant that lasts for five years.
They are sometimes called “fit and forget” contraception because once it is put in, you don’t need to remember it every day or every month.
LARCs are the most effective types of contraception. They are more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.
These are contraceptives that use hormones to prevent pregnancy.
Hormonal contraceptives include the pill and the Depo Provera injection.
There are two types of pill:
You take one pill each day. The pill is more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy if you take it correctly. However in typical use it is about 92% effective.
The Depo Provera injection is another type of hormonal contraception. You get an injection every three months. If you get your injections on time, Depo Provera is more than 99% effective but typically it is 97% effective.
Barrier methods stop sperm from entering the vagina. The two barrier methods are:
Condoms protect against sexually transmissible infections (STIs) as well as unintended pregnancy.
You can buy internal condoms from our website, on other online shops and from some pharmacies.
You can get a prescription for condoms from Family Planning or your doctor, or you can buy them from our website, other online shops, pharmacies, supermarkets and other shops.
The ECP is approved to be taken up to three days after unprotected sex. If you are an average weight, the ECP is 98% effective.
If you weigh more than 70kg, the ECP is less effective and a copper IUD is recommended. If you weigh more than 70kg and you choose to take ECP, you should ask if taking a double dose is the right option for you. The copper IUD can be inserted up to five days after unprotected sex, and is more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.
Emergency contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy if:
- you haven't used protection
- your normal contraception fails e.g. condom splits
- you have missed more than one contraceptive pill
- you have been vomiting or had diarrhoea while on the pill
- you have missed your injection
- you have been forced to have sex without contraception.
The ECP as your regular method of contraception is less effective than if you were using a LARC or hormonal method.
Fertility awareness is learning the signs of fertility in your menstrual cycle to help you plan or avoid a pregnancy.
Permanent contraception, sometimes called sterilisation, prevents all future pregnancies. It is very difficult or impossible to reverse. Permanent contraception is either a vasectomy or a tubal ligation.
Family Planning has clinics located throughout New Zealand. Use the clinic finder to find your nearest clinic.