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HIV and AIDS

HIV is a virus that can be spread through contact with infected blood, semen or vaginal fluids.  This page outlines the symptoms and treatment for HIV.

What is it?

The Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the white blood cells and damages the immune system, causing difficulty in fighting infection.

How do you get it?

You can get HIV through contact with infected blood, cum (semen), vaginal fluids, sharing needles and from mother to baby/pēpe. You can also get it with a blood transfusion in countries that do not pre-test blood for transfusion.

What are the symptoms?

Often there are no obvious symptoms for years, but symptoms can include:

  • early flu-like illness
  • frequent attacks of thrush and other infections.

How is it treated?

HIV can be controlled by antiretroviral medication. Treatments are available for the secondary infections and some cancers. There is no cure or immunisation available.

Will it impact my partner/s?

You should practise safer sex with your partner to prevent transmission. Do not share needles with a partner. Partners should have an HIV test.

Family Planning has clinics located throughout New Zealand. Use the clinic finder to find your nearest clinic.

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